Aboriginal Tasmanians


Aboriginal Tasmanians are among the state’s most disadvantaged groups. Aboriginal Tasmanians on average have poorer health, lower incomes, higher rates of unemployment, lower educational attainment, and less access to stable, appropriate housing than other Tasmanians. TasCOSS supports Tasmanian Aboriginal people in their endeavours for social justice and advocates for equal access to health and social services for all Tasmanians.

Facts and figures

  • In 2011, Aboriginal people made up 4% of Tasmania’s population (19,628 people). More than a third of Aboriginal Tasmanians were under the age of 15.The 2006 gross median income of Aboriginal Tasmanians was significantly lower than that of non-Aboriginal Tasmanians ($323 versus $402). In the same year, 34% of Aboriginal Tasmanians said that they would not be able to raise $2000 in a week, compared to 13% of Tasmanians as a whole. 
  • In 2004, 31% of Aboriginal Tasmanians reported fair or poor health, compared to 18% of the Tasmanian population overall. 
  • In 2006, 27% of Aboriginal Tasmanians of working age had post-school qualifications, compared with 39% of Tasmanians overall. However, the 2011 census showed that the number of Aboriginal Tasmanians with post year 12 qualifications had increased significantly across all levels of qualification since the previous Census, including a 76.1% increase in postgraduate degrees, graduate certificates and graduate diplomas.